Knowing how, when, and what decisions were taken and who has responsibility for them, is of crucial importance to any infrastructure project.
An OTL, Object Type Library, is the unambiguous description of built environment concepts – both physical and spatial - from which this information is derived.
The contents of an OTL apply to the entire lifecycle of a project and include all sub-sectors in construction and groundwork, both residential and non-residential building, as well as the spatial (geo) environment.
Defining OTL, the INTERLINK report Information Management for European Road Infrastructure using Linked Data | Investigating the Requirements’ (final issue: March 31, 2017) states:
‘An object type library (OTL) is a library with standardised object-types names (e.g. road, viaduct) and properties or specifications. An object is described with its object-type data, geometry data and metadata, Metadata are data (or information) about the data of objects. Metadata are needed because each object type has its own properties. How the object types are grouped is called an ontology. The OTL can be linked to a data dictionary, with the definitions of object-types.’
Within an OTL, assets are described with the standardised language, syntax and semantics required for a reliable information exchange.
Using the Millau Viaduct cable-stayed bridge in France as an example of an object type. An instance of this object type would be a data object carrying the relevant data about this bridge (see image).
The relevant object type data for such a bridge would depend on who is looking for the information:
Objects can carry or reference graphical data, non-graphical data and metadata. An example of metadata for the Millau Viaduct object could be when and by whom the object data was last revised.
The OTL defines the data structure and the variables to be populated at different stages of an asset's life, often in the context of associated open data standards.
Examples of OTL are:
“Presentation INTERLINK project as an example on GEO| Design+BIM 2018 by Royal HaskoningDHV, from 1 - 2 November 2018 inn AMSTERDAM CITY, The Netherlands, THEME: “Enabling tomorrow’s Connected Infrastructure.”
Understanding the relevance and importance of bringing the geospatial analytics, spatial planning, architecture, engineering, and construction and operation/maintenance professionals together on one platform, the integrated event will once again convene in Amsterdam from 1-2 November 2018.
Aim is to enhance the information management and information loss at stage-transitions during the life-cycle of a project. NL-engineers see similar issues using Systems Engineering at Asset Management and want to enhance interoperability and information management in the sector together with the stakeholders in a so-called Market-vision meeting. Daan Alsem, projectmanager from Royal HaskoningDHV, present the CEDR-INTERLINK approach using BIM and the existing open BIM standards at Asset Information Management with Linked Data and Semantic Web technology.
IALCCE 2018, The Sixth International Symposium on LIfe-Cycle Civil Engineering.
In our contemporary high-level society, civil engineering structures are expected to be designed to meet long-term requirements related to structural safety, robustness, serviceability, durability and sustainability. Life-cycle civil engineering provides the knowledge and tools to accommodate for these requirements and relates to the design, inspection, monitoring, assessment, maintenance and rehabilitation of structures and infrastructures taking into account their lifetime perspective.
The last decades there is a growing awareness of the importance of a life-cycle perspective in civil engineering and challenges exist to tackle the contemporary needs, for example related to the long-term prediction of material behaviour and structural response, the assessment of existing structures, inspection and maintenance strategies, life-cycle optimization, etc. Considering these needs, the objective of the International Association for Life-Cycle Civil Engineering (IALCCE) is to promote international cooperation in this field of expertise.